01 Nov SMEs at risk of pension penalties
Millions of employers in the UK have been introducing pension schemes to eligible employees since the previous Government introduced its automatic enrolment legislation in 2012. And the Pensions Regulator (PR) are predicting at least another 147,000 small businesses to do the same by March 2017, now is the time for them to act and avoid stiff penalties if they don’t meet their staging date.
Since June 2015, smaller businesses with less than 50 employees have begun to reach their staging dates and been required to enrol their relevant staff on a pension scheme. Although most small and micro businesses are successfully meeting their duties, the PR’s quarterly bulletin reveals that the number of penalties being issued is rising as the size of the employers staging gets smaller and the volume of employers increases.
This may be because unlike larger businesses, smaller firms often do not have the financial resources or staff dedicated to look after their payroll and automatic enrolment commitments. Not surprisingly, smaller businesses are at greater risk of receiving penalties and fines unless careful planning and budgeting is undertaken with the help of their advisers.
In its most recent Compliance and Enforcement Bulletin, the PR reported it issued 3,057 compliance notices, 806 fixed penalty notices and 96 escalating penalty notices from 1 January to 31 March 2016.
Below we guide you through the different penalty notices:
These include compliance notices, third party compliance notices, and unpaid contributions notices. Other statutory notices include improvement notices, third party warning notices, and third party notices to individuals or companies. These are written notifications requesting action be taken to avoid the next level of penalty.
Fixed Penalty notice (FPN)
Failing to comply with a statutory notice leads to an FPN, which can also be issued immediately if there is sufficient evidence of a breach of some duties. The FPN is £400.
Escalating Penalty notice (EPN)
An EPN is issued when an FPN has not been acted upon and states the future date from which an additional daily fine starts accruing. The daily rate is determined by the number of people in a company’s PAYE scheme, with the PR using the most recent data it possesses when it issues an EPN.
Number of employees Daily rate
1 – 4 £50
5 – 49 £500
500 or more £10,000
Third party non-compliance
Third parties, such as a financial adviser, may also be issued with statutory notices if they do not provide certain information requested by the PR. If they continue not to comply, they may face an EPN set at £200 per day.
Just as incorrectly processing or neglecting to process income tax and National Insurance (NI) contributions leads to an employer being penalised, failing to apply Automatic Enrolment and general pension processes correctly will also be targeted.
Some other areas in which non-compliance may trigger penalties are:
- Failure to make employer contributions to the pension company – fine up to £50,000
- Failure to pay over worker’s contributions to the pension company – fine up to £50,000
- Prohibitive recruitment conduct – minimum fine £1,000 increasing to £5,000.
Repeated failure to comply with the legislation will most likely result in civil and/or criminal proceedings, which will undoubtedly cost a business much more than just money.
Don’t wait until it’s too late!
This post is necessarily brief and is for general guidance only and does not constitute advice. You should always ask for specific advice based upon your own circumstances.